G7 countries promise more than a billion doses of Covid-19 vaccine for the rest of the world, according to the British Prime Minister
G7 leaders are expected to announce on Sunday that they will cease all new direct government support for coal by the end of the year, unless it is “cleaned up” by a process of decarbonization, according to a statement from the White House.
Coal is the dirtiest fossil fuel and one of the biggest contributors to climate change. G7 leaders are expected to announce that they will cut their carbon emissions by at least half by 2030, from 2010 levels, and cutting coal could help achieve that goal.
Some scientists and environmentalists, however, are wary of claims of “clean” fossil fuels and argue that the world should instead switch entirely to renewables.
The White House said in a statement that G7 leaders, which will close a three-day summit in Cornwall, England on Sunday, have agreed to “concrete actions” to accelerate the global transition from coal to cleaner energy sources .
“Recognizing that relentless coal-fired power generation is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the world, and in line with President Biden’s national leadership, G7 leaders will commit to ending the continued government direct support for international coal-fired power generation relentlessly by the end of this year, ”the statement said.
“Unreduced coal” refers to coal that is not carbon free.
The announcement will be accompanied by a global green infrastructure plan – “Build back better for the world” – touted as an alternative to China’s sprawling Belt and Road program, which involved building roads. railways, highways and other major infrastructure projects, under agreements with some 100 of the countries.
The program has enabled China to increase its visibility and global influence, especially in the developing world and places like Eastern Europe.
The White House statement said Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States would provide up to $ 2 billion to support the Climate investment fund, which is helping the transition from coal to developing countries.
Despite the announcement of the end of support for coal-fired power plants abroad, some G7 countries are still showing support for fossil fuel.
The UK government, for example, has approved plans for a new deep coal mine, the first in 30 years, in Cumbria, although its future is uncertain after a backlash and an investigation into its environmental impacts. Japan has agreed to phase out inefficient old coal-fired power plants, but remains heavily reliant on fossil fuels.